In which the forces of the market, the conventions of genre, and the tyranny of the Youtube algorithm conspire to ruin poetry.
Consider: the hills you are willing to die on say more about you than any other aspect of your personality. In a long, compliant grade-school career, I refused to do two things outright, both times to preserve my dignity (which I prize jealously as a somewhat limited commodity).
The first was basketball. The second was writing and performing a slam poem, because I cannot bear to use Slam Poet Voice in the hearing of any living person.
Slam Poet Voice, used in what seems like the vast majority of spoken word poetry, differs from Regular Poet Voice (also annoying, also ubiquitous) in its intensity: the Regular Poet intones weightily, while Slam Poet Voice is more of a yelp, delivered in a pitch slightly above normal speaking register and littered with dramatic but unnecessary pauses. Because slam poets perform without text in hand, they can also add baffling gestures. This … is … (sudden hand gesture) POETRY, says Slam Poet Voice, before rapidly listing eight vivid metaphors. Where did this voice come from and why do I hate it?
Slam poetry took off in large American cities during the 1980s and 90s, drawing on hip-hop and spoken word conventions. It is a sport, where teams of poets compete for points awarded by judges. Button Poetry, a poetry production company, started uploading filmed slam poems to YouTube in 2011; you may know their viral recording of Neil Hilborn’s poem ‘OCD’.
It’s these two factors, the standardization imposed by competition and the tyranny of the Youtube algorithm, which make Slam Poet Voice so ubiquitous. As popular works in a genre (see above) are widely consumed, they become widely imitated, and those imitations get their own imitations. Tropes turn to clichés as poets’ idea of a successful poem becomes ossified. We learn to write and perform through imitating the works that made us want to create in the first place.
Slam poets are working within frameworks that literally reward conforming to certain genre standards with cash prizes, YouTube hits, and book deals. They are implicitly under pressure to produce deeply confessional, emotionally intense works, and to perform them like they’ve seen other people perform their own confessional poems, live and on YouTube. One way of performing a text becomes the only way of performing any text, because coming up with a new delivery is often the hardest part of interpretation (ask any actor who’s played Hamlet; there are a finite number of ways to say a given set of words).
‘OCD’ has 14 million hits on YouTube, which is about as good as it gets for a poetry recitation. It’s a lovely, wrenching poem, and also, it is delivered in an iconic Slam Poetry Voice. This is the tragedy of cliché: not that it makes works bad, but that it renders good work ever so slightly more mediocre. By rendering all texts alike, Slam Poetry Voice stands in between the listener and the reception of any individual text on its own merits.
In summation: competition and capitalism ruin art, avoid mediocrity by consuming as widely as possible, and I was right about that grade 12 English project, sorry Mr. Wade!
2 thoughts on “All Spoken Word Poetry Sounds the Same and I Hate It”
I actually wrote a paper about slam poetry for a linguistics course, trying to understand why they all sound the same. My main argument is that the ‘voice’ they use (changes in volume and speed, pauses) is how slam poetry is marked as a genre, similarly to how you can distinguish some genres of written poetry by their form, like sonnets and limericks. And it’s different than simply reading a written poem aloud as that written poem was originally intended for the page and so made use of written techniques, whereas a slam poem is designed to be heard.
I do agree, though, that it’s not my favourite thing to listen to. It can get a bit tiring. There’s one poet that I really enjoy though, Sarah Kay, who I find doesn’t quite follow the same pattern as other slam poets.
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Thank you so much for your insight! This is interesting, as I know there’s been a movement toward publishing spoken word work in physical formats – so now I’m wondering what this does for the form. Do these poems still ‘work’ on the page, or have they lost (or gained?!?) something by crossing over from oral to written?
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